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Though the landscape of Ethiopia is varied and fascinating, it is the people of this country that make it one of the most amazing places on Earth. Ethiopia, like most countries in Africa , is a multi-ethnic state. Although the original physical differences between the major ethnic groups have been blurred by centers of intermarriage, but, the people remain distinct and unique.

Ethnic differences may also be observed from the great variety of languages spoken I the country of which there are an astonishing eighty-three, with 200 dialects. These can be broken in to four main groups: Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic and Nilo –Saharan.

The Semitic languages of Ethiopia are related to both Hebrew and Arabic . The Ethiopian language of this family are derived from Gee’ez , the language of the ancient axumite kingdom . Ge’ez was also the language of the country’s literature prior to the mid-nineteenth century, as well as parts of most present –day church services.

Ethiopia’s Semitic languages are today spoken in the south and east of Addis Ababa: Guraginya, used by the Gurage in a cluster of areas to the south of the capital, and Adarinya, a tongue current only with in the old walled city of Harar and used by the Adare, also known as Harare, people . 
The Cushitic languages, which are less closely related than the Semitic are found mainly in the south of the country. The most important tongue this group in Afan Oromo. It is used in a wide stretch of country including Welega and parts of lllibabor in the west, wollo in the north shewa and Arsi in the centre, Bale and sidamo in the south and Harerge in the east.

The Omotic group of languages, which comprise considerably fewer speakers than either the Semitic or the Cushitic, are spoken in the south –West of the country, mainly in GamoGofa. They have been given the name in recent years because they are spoken in the general area of the Omo River.
Dress of the christen highland peasantry was made almost entirely of white cotton cloth.

Since the time of Tewodros, men have worn long, in many cases jodhpur-like trousers, a fightly fitting shirt, and a shamma or loose wrap, often with coloured stripes at either end; women wear a full skirt surmounted by a shamma.

Noblemen and women used to wear silk cloaks, which in the case of people of the highest status were decorated with silver or even gold, while warriors would sport short lion-skin capes. In cold mountainous areas men and women might wear a burous or black woolen cape, and shepherd boys a woven wollen cap.

The Muslims of Harar by contrast wore much more colorful dress. The men were often dressed in short style trousers covered with a coloured wrap; the women wear fine dresses usually of red, purple, of black.
The lowland Somali and afar wore long, often brightly coloured cotton wraps, while some of the cattle-herders in the Lake District had some clothing made of animal skins.

Traditional dress may still be seen throughout much of the countryside, especially in areas far removed from towns in more recent years. Modern or ‘European’ clothing is being worn in most urban areas. National dress, however, is widely worn for festivals, particularly by women.

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At Fidel Ethiopia Tour, we believe that it’s the small things that make the difference between a good day out and a perfect one. This is why each of our tour is carefully planned down to the smallest details.We assist you explore behind the scenes, away from the crowds, giving you access to most people do not get to see.

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Fidel Ethiopia Tour & Travel

Contact Office in Addis Ababa Ethiopia

Mob :+251  911 61 50 53

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524 Oak park Rd. Hatfiels.,PA 19440 USA

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